Makkala Nyaya Makkala Rakshane: Understanding the Terms that Define Inter-Country Adoptions

In this episode of Makkala Nyaya Makkala Rakshane, RJ Manjula speaks with Hemanth Kumar from APSA about the ‘No Objection Certificate’. In this conversation, Hemanth Kumar introduces us to many related terms like ‘Non-Resident Indian’, ‘Notification’, ‘Observation Home’, ‘Open Shelter’, ‘Orphan’, ‘Overseas Citizen of India’, and more.

‘No Objection Certificate’ refers to inter-country adoption and means a certificate issued by the Central Adoption Resource Authority for the said purpose.

‘Non-resident Indian’ means a person who holds an Indian passport and is presently residing abroad for more than one year.

‘Notification’ means the notification published in the Official Gazette of India, or as the case may be, in the Gazette of a State, and the expression “notify” shall be construed accordingly.

‘Observation home’ means an observation home established and maintained in every district or group of districts by a State Government, either by itself, or through a voluntary or non-governmental organisation, and is registered as such, for the purposes specified in sub-section (1) of Section 47.

‘Open shelter’ means a facility for children, established and maintained by the State Government, either by itself, or through a voluntary or non-governmental organisation under sub-section (1) of Section 43, and registered as such, for the purposes specified in that section.

‘Orphan’ means a child — (i) who is without biological or adoptive parents or legal guardian; or (ii) whose legal guardian is not willing to take, or capable of taking care of the child.

‘Overseas citizen of India’ means a person registered as such under the Citizenship Act, 1955.

‘Person of Indian origin’ means a person, any of whose lineal ancestors is or was an Indian national, and who is presently holding a Person of Indian Origin Card issued by the Central Government.

‘Petty offences’ includes the offences for which the maximum punishment under the Indian Penal Code or any other law for the time being in force is imprisonment up to three years.

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